Climate-smart greenhouse can be defined as an approach for transforming and reorienting agricultural development under the new realities of climate change. Climate smart soil and agriculture will be practice in a greenhouse and on field together.
Critical agricultural production will be produced under changed climate condition in future. Considering these condition, most of the critical agricultural products will be produce in greenhouses instead of using fields. Therefore, the greenhouses must have some spatial construction that use less energy that produced by dam or other sources. Because water in reservoirs will be used for drinking and if possible for irrigation. We need to hold water in greenhouses as liquid or gas formed. For this proposes spatial roof design will be planned for reuse water from gas to liquid forms.
Green houses will be including several sections inside. One part of them will be used for illuminating desertification and soil degradation. Another part will use for plants productions.
The area in the greenhouse needs to be used effectively for agricultural production. We will design spatial platforms for horizontal plantation. One of them is a stabile horizontal platform that has seven or eight seeding shelves. The other horizontal platform will be design as several shelves that can be vertically revolving to gain sunlight equally. Agricultural production will be done as hydroponic method.
This NBS creates some modifications in the environment so there are some disadvantages of removing it in the future.
The period of recovery of the initial economic investment of the NBS is between 10 and 20 years.