Lviv is eastern located in Eastern Europe. It is the largest city in western Ukraine and the sixth-largest city in the country overall with a population of 750 thousand inhabitants. Lviv is located on the watershed on the edge of the Roztochia Upland, approximately 70 kilometers from the Polish border and 160 kilometers from the eastern Carpathian Mountains. The climate is humid continental.
Main environmental challenges faced by the city
Lviv is facing climate change impacts during the last decades. Temperature rising and a decrease in precipitation are big threats. In August 2015 mean air temperature reached +21.6°C exceeding the long-term norm on 4 degrees amid the complete absence of rain (1 mm per month!). Heavy rains and heat island effects are now the most obvious and frequent problems. Due to the change in precipitation pattern city became prone to heavy rains which often result in flash floods. In summer 2018 several flood events happened in the city. Additionally, mobility caused air pollution in the city.
NBS implemented or planned
Integrated Urban Development Concept of Lviv till 2030 defines the development of the green areas and linking of them into one ecological network. Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan defines the pedestrian connections and green routes as key for the city's sustainable urban development. During the last 5 years the main NBS in the city were parks, green public spaces. But for the next decade, a network of green areas within the city is going to be developed and pedestrian-cycling routes developed together with increasing tree planting and park renovation activities. Additionally, water-based solutions (lakes and small scale fountains and other solutions) are going to be implemented to mitigate climate change impacts.