Valladolid (Spain) – RE-NATURING URBAN PLAN WITH NBS
The urban dominant model in Spain, which is characterized by the diversification of activities and population increase, has aggravated the urban risks and environmental problems that already existed, such as the high consumption of soil, energy, water, and air pollution. It is also important to highlight the significant difficulties caused by the increase in distances, and the permanent requirement of the use of the car. The strategic line of Valladolid is situated within the frame of the urban city model. Its objectives are to develop an innovative and entrepreneurial culture, and to improve several aspects of the quality of life in Valladolid, dealing with the urban environment in general, but also, in particular, urbanism, mobility, energy and natural resources rational use, among other areas, including sustainable development. Freezing the expansive model of the city is one of the objectives of the new Urban Management Plan (PGOU, 2017). Get a compact city, controlling carefully the building land expansion and promoting urban regeneration. Valladolid aims to promote urban mobility, improving pedestrian walks and public transport. Valladolid is facing urban problems such as the loss of air quality, decreased availability of water due to long periods of drought and increased levels of noise.
Valladolid is a Spanish city with a population of approximately 300,000 inhabitants, located in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula. It is the seat of the Cortes and the Junta of the autonomous community of Castilla y León. Its climate is continental-cold Mediterranean and it is located at the confluence of the rivers Pisuerga and Esgueva, in an area of great water wealth.
It is a city with an important historical heritage and has numerous museums, palaces and churches. It is home to one of the oldest universities in the world, the University of Valladolid, which dates back to the 13th century. The city is connected by rail (with high-speed rail), by airport and by numerous motorways and other major road transport links. The local economy is based on the service sector and, to a lesser extent, on industry and construction.
Valladolid has started to implement green infrastructure because of its strong commitment to address its current environmental problems, such as the lack of connectivity between green areas, the heat island effect, poor air quality, noise and flooding risks caused by the river Esgueva with the aim of reducing the city's environmental impacts and increasing resilience to climate change.