With its 2 500 000 inhabitants, Medellin is the second largest city in Colombia.
Two of the main challenges faced by the city are the protection of the local ecosystem and the implementation of large and high-quality public spaces.
According to a recent study, each inhabitant has acces only to 3.6 cubic meters of public space like parks, squares and green areas. That’s why the city needs to provide to the community with bigger and public spaces.
The city is settled in the Aburra River basin, a huge hidreologic network that could represent a big issue for the city due to water mismanagement and to the actual climate variability. For this reason the protection of the local ecosystem is fundamental for Medellin.
Medellin has five protected natural áreas, covering a total of 168.81 square km and offering shelter to rare and new wildlife species, as well as endemic, native and endangered species.
In the past Medellin has reforested 569,95 hectars, with 547.366 trees, facing the current challenges of climate change, trying to control processes like heat islands and generating Green Buffers and Carbón Sinks. 27 ecoparks have been created on the river banks of some streams.
Two plans, in particular, have been developed to guide the effort. These are the Land Usage Plan and the Environmental Plan.
The current administration's Development Plan has the main target of protecting, restore and promote a sustainable usage of natural resources, green spaces and woods in the city
The involvement in URBAN GreenUP is expected to boost the efficiency of the initiatives undertaken by the city.